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CRIMINAL JURY INSTRUCTIONS 2d


HISTORY OF CRIMINAL JURY INSTRUCTIONS AND MODEL COLLOQUIES



In September, 1992, the Chief Administrator of the Office of Court Administration announced the formation of the committee to revise the first edition of the Criminal Jury Instructions (CJI). The first edition had been published in three loose-leaf binders. CJI2d supersedes the first edition.

In late 1994, the first set of CJI2d charges were published in a loose-leaf binder.

In 1996, CJI2d abandoned the loose-leaf form of publication and instituted the current internet format for publication of its charges. Thus, there is presently no up-to-date hard-copy publication of the Criminal Jury Instructions; all current instructions are set forth in the instant web site.

Beginning in September 2003, the Committee on Criminal Jury Instructions published the following record of the month and year in which a CJI2d charge was added or revised. The reason for, and nature of, a revision is normally reported in the first footnote of the charge. The most recent additions or revisions are listed first. Return to the main page to secure a particular charge.

In February 2016, Model Colloquies were published.

 

 

SEPTEMBER 2018

Added a Model Colloquy for Responding to a Jury Note.

 

Moved from Appendix of Plea of Guilty to Table of Contents:

Plea of Guilty (Abbreviated for non-felony)

 

AUGUST 2018

Penal Law

 

Added a charge for Penal Law sections:

120.14(3); 120.50(1); 120.50(2); 120.50(4); 120.55(2); 120.55(3); 120.60(2)

125.13(4)

165.07

220.34(8).

 

Revised Penal Law art. 105, conspiracy charges.

 

Revised Penal Law sections:

120.60(1); 125.12(1); 125.27-1-a-x; 125-27-1-a-xi; 130.25-1; 130.40-3; 130.52-2; 160.10; 190.78(1); 265.03 (3).

Moved charges on Criminal Liability of Corporations from the charges of General Applicability to the charges for Penal Law offenses, under article 20.

 

APRIL 2018

Instructions of General Applicability

 

Each charge of General Applicability may now be obtained in a WORD document format (docx) by clicking on the underscored name of the charge and following the instructions to download the charge in the WORD format.

 

Added Instructions of General Applicability:

Multiple Separate Transaction of the same crime
Partial Verdict (Because this item partakes of both an instruction and a colloquy it is included here and in Model Colloquies)
Venue of a county for conduct outside the county
Venue of a county via common carrier
Venue of a county via private vehicle

 

Revised General Applicability Instructions:
Venue of a county for some conduct inside the county

 

Sample Charges

 

Each Sample Charge (Grand jury impanelment instruction; Voir dire instructions; Preliminary instructions; and Final Instructions) may now be obtained in a WORD document format (docx) by clicking on the underscored name of the charge and following the instructions to download the charge in the WORD format.

 

Agriculture and Markets Law
Education Law


A WORD document has been added for the sections in these laws.

Penal Law


As expalined in the January 2018 history note, the CJI committee is in the process of updating the form of Penal Law charges and reviewing all Penal Law charges. Revisions simply in format and other non-substntive amendments will not be noted; any substantive revision will of course be noted, as it has in the past, in a footnote, normally footnote one of the charge.


We are also in the process of adding a Word document of the charges. Thus far, a Word document has been added for the charges in Penal Law articles 100, 105, 110, 115, 120, and 121. The WORD document may be obtained by clicking on the underscored section of the Penal Law charge.

 

Added Penal Law Charge:
Penal Law § 240.21

 

Revised Penal Law Charges:
The assault and menacing charges which include “deadly weapon” as an element have been revised to account for statutory additions to what constitutes a deadly weapon, as well as to include some definitions of those weapons set forh in decisional law.

The opening paragraph of the definition of "criminal negligence" in assault in the third degree and aggravated criminally negligent homicide was moved to the end of that definition and the definition was otherwise conformed to the paragraph at the end of the definition of “criminal negligence” in the charge for criminally neglient homicide (Penal Law § 125.10).

 

Model Colloquies


Each colloquy has been updated to include access to a WORD document (docx) by clicking on the name of the colloquy and following the instructions to download the charge in the WORD format.

 

Added Model Colloquies:

Arraignment of a felony complaint
Taking of a partial verdict (Because this item partakes of both a colloquy and an instruction, it is included here and in the instructions of General Applicability).


JANUARY 2018

The CJI2d Committee celebrates its 25 th Anniversary this year. The Committee has accordingly decided to embark on a systematic and comprehensive review of all its jury instructions.

As part of the review of the charges, the format for the instruction for an offense will undergo a couple of simplifications:

 

First, the introduction to the definitions presently reads:

Some of the terms used in this definition have their own special meaning in our law. I will now give you the meaning of the following terms: (specify terms).

That introduction will be revised to read:

The following term(s) used in that definition (has/have) a special meaning:

X means . . .

Y means . . .

 

Second, the concluding paragraphs presently reads:

Therefore, if you find that the People have proven beyond a reasonable doubt (each/both) of those elements, you must find the defendant guilty of the crime of (specify).

On the other hand, if you find that the People have not proven beyond a reasonable doubt (either one or both / any one or more) of those elements, you must find the defendant not guilty of the crime of (specify).

Those paragraphs will be revised by striking the introductory word(s) and the unnecessary repetition of the name of the crime; thus, the conclusion will read:

If you find the People have proven beyond a reasonable doubt (each/both) of those elements, you must find the defendant guilty of this crime.

If you find the People have not proven beyond a reasonable doubt (either one or both / any one or more) of those elements, you must find the defendant not guilty of this crime.

 

In recognition of the Unified Court System’s switch form WordPerfect to Word, CJI2d will start the process of providing a link to a CJI charge in a Word format. Thus, in this January 2018 publication, we begin by providing a Word document for each charge of General Applicability. Simply click on the name of the charge and a Word document will be provided.

 

 

The instructions which have been added or revised in the January 2018 publication are as follows:

 

GENERAL APPLICABILITY CHARGES:

Added a limiting Instruction for “hearsay” statement not admitted for its truth.

Added an instruction on the jury’s utilization of a transcript of a recording.

Revised the instructions for Identification to accord with the Court of Appeals decision on cross-racial identification.

Revised Justification charges as relates to informing the jury how to consider counts charging same.

 

AGRICULTURE & MARKETS LAW:

Added section 353 and 353-a relating to animal cruelty.

 

PENAL LAW:

Added: 120-03(1); 195.15(3)

Revised: 120.04(1); 125.12(1); 170.05 to and through 170.30; and 190.25(1).

 

MODEL CHARGES:

Revised: Grand Jury Impanelment charge.

 

MODEL VERDICT SHEETS:

Revised Affirmative Defense Verdict Sheet.

 

"TERRITORIAL JURISDICTION" AND "VENUE" NOTE:

A note on “territorial Jurisdiction” and “venue” has been added to the Preface and the Appendix. That note reads as follows;

“The Committee on Criminal Jury Instructions recognizes that the law does not required “venue” in a particular county to be proved beyond a reasonable doubt; venue need only be proven by a preponderance of the evidence. People v. Moore, 46 NY2d 1, 6 (1978). Because venue is, however, normally certain, to avoid a separate charge for venue in each charge, venue is included in the items to be proved beyond a reasonable doubt. If, however, venue is in issue, the trial court should strike the reference to the County in the elements, and insert the instruction on “venue” in CJI2d[NY] General Applicability, Geographical Jurisdiction, County Venue. If the “territorial jurisdiction” of the State of New York is in issue, that must be proved beyond a reasonable doubt [People v. McLaughlin, 80 NY2d 466(1992)] and the trial court should insert the instruction on “territorial jurisdiction” in CJI2d[NY] General Applicability, Geographical Jurisdiction, Territorial Jurisdiction.”

APRIL 2017

Penal Law

Revision of section 265.01 (1): addition of Possession of Per Se Knife.

JUNE 2017

Instructions of General Applicability

Revision of Confession to add section on failure to record a statement (CPL 60.45)
Revision of Interpreter for defendant and witnesses
Addition of Identification by Pictorial Representation (CPL 60.25 & 60.30)

 

The following charges have been copied from the Model Charges to appear separately in the Instructions of General Applicability section:

Inconsistent Statements
Interested Witness
Evidentiary Inferences

 

Model Charges

Revision of Final Instructions to add an example to Evidentiary Inferences instruction.
Revision of Final Instructions by adding a couple of clarifying words to Previous Criminal Conduct instruction.

Penal Law

Addition of section 120.05 (13)
Addition of section 178.15 (2)

Education Law

Addition of section 6512 (1)

 

Model Colloquies

Alternate Plea of Guilty for a non-Felony offense set forth in the Appendix to Plea of Guilty

Waiver of Right to Appeal instruction has been copied from the Plea of Guilty charge to appear separately in the table of contents.

FEBRUARY, 2017

Penal Law

Addition of article 178: sections 178.10; 178.15 (1); 178.20; and 178.25
Revision of article 230
Addition of sections 230.06 (2) and 230.32 (2)

JANUARY, 2017
Instructions of General Applicability

Added charges for:

Closed-Circuit TV Testimony (CPL 65.30)
Dying Declaration
Voluntary Act

Penal Law

Revision of sections 120.05 (3) and 120.05 (11)
Addition of sections 120.05 (3-c); 120.05 (11-c); and 120.05 (14)
Addition of section 130.52 (2)
Revision of sections 135.35 (1); 135.35 (2); and 135.35 (3)
Addition of section 135.37
Revision of section 175.35 (1)
Addition of section 175.35 (2)
Addition of section 260.00 (1)

JULY, 2016

Instructions of General Applicability

Revision of Justification: In Defense of a Person: Physical Force;
Revision of Justification: In Defense of a Person: Deadly Physical Force

Penal Law

Revision of section 130.52 (1);
Revision of section 215.51 (c);
Revision of article 265

Public Health Law

Addition of section 3383 (2)

FEBRUARY 2016
Instructions of General Applicability

Revision of Jury Admonitions and Separation Instructions
Revision of Justification: In Defense of a Person: Physical Force and Deadly Physical Force

Penal Law

Revision of section:125.25 (3) Felony Murder
Revision of article 125: Additional Charges: Affirmative Defenses: Extreme Emotional Disturbance
Revision of article 220: Additional Charges: Presumptive Possession - Room

Addition of sections:
240.30 (4) - Aggravated Harassment in the second degree
240.36 Loitering
245.00 (a)(b)(i) Public Lewdness
260.00 Abandonment of a Child

Revision of section 265.03 (3) - Possession of Loaded Firearm Not in Home or Place of Business

Model Verdict Sheets

Addition of a Verdict Sheet for when Justification is charged

Vehicle and Traffic Law

Addition of section 509 (1)

 

MODEL COLLOQUIES

Addition of the following scripts as a guide for judges in variouis proceedings.

Admonition-Bail
Admonition-Fugitive
Admonition-Gomberg (Joint Representation)
Admonition-Parker (Absence from Proceedings)
Admonition-Witness Tampering
Arraignment-Predicate Statement
Arraignment-VOP
Grand Jury Panel Screening
Plea of Guilty
Plea of Not Responsible
Verdict - Taking of
Waiver of Counsel
Waiver of Indictment (SCI)
Waiver of Trial by Jury

JULY 2015

Instruction of General Applicability

Revision of Confession

Addition of Corporate Liability: Conduct of a High Managerial Agent (PL § 20.20 [2] [b]) and Conduct of Agent  (PL § 20.20 [2] [c])

Addition of Interpreters

Penal Law

Addition of sections: 20.20 (2) (b) and 20.20 (2) (c)
Revision of section 140.25 (2)
Revision of article 160: Introductory instruction to robbery charges
Addition of sections: 190.87 and 190.89
Revision of section: 240.30 (1) and 240.30 (2)
Addition of sections: 496.02; 496.03; 496.04; 496.05; and 496.06

JANUARY 2015

Instructions of General Applicability

Revision of Defenses: Justification - Physical Force
Addition of Defenses: Justification: Deadly Physical Force - Resisting Violent Offense (PL § 35.15 [2][b])

Model Charges

Revision of Grand Jury Impanelment

Penal Law

Revision of sections 120.05 (3) and 120.05 (11)
Revision of article 120 Additional Charges: Causation - Cause of Injury
Revision of article 125 Additional Charges: Causation - Cause of Death
Revision of section 190.26 (1)
Addition of sections 120.05 (3-b) and 120.05 (11-b)
Addition of section 265.45

Vehicle and Traffic Law

Revision of section 1192(1), (2-a[b]), and (3)

JUNE 2014

PENAL LAW

Revision of article 115
Revision of article 120
Revision of article 125
Revision of section 130.52
Revision of section 190.25 (1)
Revision of section 221.10 (1)
Revision of section 240.32
Revision of section 265.03 (3)
Addition of section 120.04-a
Addition of section 120.05 (4-a)
Addition of section 130.65 (4)
Addition of section 140.15 (2)
Addition of sections 155.35 (2) and 155.43
Addition of sections 240.50 (4)(a) and (4)(b)
Addition of section 265.17 (3)

VEHICLE & TRAFFIC LAW

Addition of section 600 (2)(a) (A misdemeanor)

Added VTL 1198(9)(d)

MODEL VERDICT SHEETS

Revision of Verdict Sheet for Enterprise Corruption

FEBRUARY 2014

GENERAL CHARGES

Instructions of General Applicability & Model Charges:
Final Instructions: Revision of Witness Pre-trial Preparation

Model Verdict Sheets: Revision of Affirmative Defense of Extreme Emotional Disturbance [PL § 125.25 (1) (a)]

Instructions of General Applicability: Addition of Adverse Inference - Destroyed Evidence

PENAL LAW

Revision of sections 195.05; and 195.07
Addition of sections 240.50 (1); (2); and (3)
Addition of section 240.70 (1) (d) - religious worship

VEHICLE & TRAFFIC LAW

Revision of sections 511 (2) (a) (i); and 511 (2) (a) (ii)
Revision of section 600 (2) (a) and (c)
Addition of section 511 (3) (a) (i)

JUNE 2013
PENAL LAW

Addition of Penal Law sections: 120.05 (11-a); 240.30(4) [former 240.30(4) renumbered 240.30(5); 260.24; 265.01-a; 265.01-b (1) and (2); 265.19; 460.22.

Revision of Penal Law sections: 120.05 (11); 130.95 (1)(b); 140.10 (g); 155.30 (9); 170.20; 170.25; 170.30; 170.45(2); 195.05; 195.07; 215.51 (b) (v); 240.30 (4); 240.30 (5) [formerly 240.30(4)]; 260.25; 263.15; 265.01(1); 265.01(4); 265.11(1).

Revision of "Additional Charges" for Penal Law sections: 265.00(3); 265.15 (3).
JANUARY 2013
GENERAL CHARGES

Addition of an Adverse Inference for missing Rosario material.
Revision of Justified Force: In Defense of a Person -
Deadly Physical Force

PENAL LAW

Addition of Penal Law section 120.05(3-a)

Revision of Penal Law section 120.05(3), Penal Law article 140 charges, and Penal Law sections 125.14(1); 125.14(4); 125.14(5); 125.14(7).

VEHICLE & TRAFFIC LAW

Revision of Reckless Driving, VTL 1212
JUNE 2012
GENERAL CHARGES

Addition of:
Justification, Emergency Measure [PL § 35.05(2)];
Witness or Victim of Overdose [PL § 220.78]
Expert: Crime Victims Syndrome
Discharge and Substitution of Juror

PENAL LAW

Addition of Penal Law section 120.09
Revision of Penal Law article 130, and sections 125.25; 140.25; 140.30;155.30 156.35; 160.15;176.10; 176.15; 220.03; 260.32(1) - (4)

SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION

Revision of Correction Law section 168-t
JANUARY 2012
GENERAL CHARGES

Revision of Accomplice, Confession, Identification.

PENAL LAW

Revision of Penal Law sections: 240.32, 260.34, 265.03(1)(b).
Revision of Claim of Right defense.
Addition of Penal Law article 121.

VEHICLE & TRAFFIC LAW

Addition of VTL sections: 1198(7)(b); 1198(9)(a, b, and c)
JULY 2011
PENAL LAW

Revision of Penal Law sections: 130.55, 130.60, 130.65, and 260.32(4).
JUNE 2011
PENAL LAW

Addition of Penal Law article 121 and Penal Law section 200.55
MAY 2011
PENAL LAW

Addition of Penal Law sections: 125.13(1); 240.26
Revision of Penal Law sections: 120.05(3); 120.05(11); 120.10(2)
AUGUST 2010
PENAL LAW

Addition of Penal Law sections: 125.13(6); 125.14(1); 125.14(3);  125.14(4); 125.14(5); 125.14(6); 125.14(7); 125.26(2); 220.48; 220.77(1); 220.77(2); 220.77(3); 240.70(1)(a) and (b); 240.70(1)( c); 240.70(1)(d); 240.71; 240.72; 240.73.

Addition of Other Crimes: Vehicle and Traffic Law 1192(2-a)(a) and (b).

Revision of Charges: Penal Law 125.12(1); Vehicle and Traffic Law 511(3)(a)(ii).
JANUARY 2010
PENAL LAW

Addition of Penal Law sections: 145.00(4); 156.26(2); 156.29
Revision of Penal Law sections: 145.00(1); 145.00(3); 145.05; 145.10; 145.12

GENERAL CHARGES

Addition to Grand Jury Charge
Addition to Jury Separation During Deliberations Charge
JULY, 2009
PENAL LAW

Addition of Penal Law sections:  120.70(1); 155.30(11); 156.26(2); 156.29; 165.45(7); 190.25(4); 190.65(1)( c); 190.80-a; 200.55; 240.31(5); 263.30(1)(a); 263.30(1)(b).

Added an Additional Charge to explain difference between Depraved Indifference Murder and Reckless Manslaughter (Death of Child);

Added an Additional Charge for Aggregate Value of Stolen Property and revised Penal Law sections 155.30(1), 155.35, 155.40(1), 155.42 (Grand Larceny of a Specified Amount– revised to include reference to Additional Charge for Aggregate Value of Stolen Property).

And revised Penal Law sections: 156.26(1)( renumbered, formerly 156.26); 156.30(1); 156.30(2); 190.26(1); 240.30(1)  
JUNE, 2009
GENERAL CHARGES

Revision of Jury Admonitions.

PENAL LAW

Addition of Penal Law section: 120.05(12)
Revision of Penal Law sections: 120.55(1); 125.10; 135.60

OTHER CRIMES

Revision of Vehicle and Traffic Law section: 1212
JANUARY, 2009
PENAL LAW

Revision of Penal Law sections: 140.25(1)(c); 140.30(3); 145.00(1); 145.00(3); 145.05; 145.10; 145.12; 160.15(3); 230.25(1)

OTHER CRIMES

Revision of Vehicle and Traffic Law § 1212
SEPTEMEBER, 2008
PENAL LAW

Penal Law 135.35
JULY, 2008
FULL SAMPLE CHARGES

Preliminary Instructions
Verdict Sheets

PENAL LAW

Penal Law sections:  230.34(1), 230.34(2), 230.34(3), 230.34(3), 230.34(4), 230.34(5), 490.37, 490.40(1), 490.40(2), 490.45(1), 490.45(2), 490.45(3), 490.47, 490.50, 490.55(1), 490.55(2), 490.55(3)
JANUARY, 2008
GENERAL CHARGES

Voir Dire.
Final Instructions.
Identification-One Witness and Identification- Witness Plus, each revised to include instructions on identification expert.
Lesser Included Offense

PENAL LAW

Penal Law sections: 220.28, 230.25(1), 230.04 (Note: 230.03 has been repealed), 265.01(3),270.25, 270.30, 270.35

OTHER CRIMES

Vehicle and Traffic Law sections— The definition of “operation” was revised in the following charges:   511(1)(a), 511(2)(a)(I), 511(2)(a)(ii), 511(3)(a)(ii), 1192(1), 1192(2), 1192(3), 1192(4) and 1192(4-a). 1212 was revised to provide more direction as to optional terms.
JUNE, 2007
PENAL LAW

Penal Law sections: 125.25(5), 130.91, 156.05 to 156.25, 158.05 to .35, 165.15, 177.05 to 177.30, 220.18, 220.21(1), 220.34(7), 220.44(2), 235.22, 255.26, 255.27, 260.00 to 260.34.
JANUARY, 2007
GENERAL CHARGES

Disruptive Defendant

PENAL LAW

Penal Law sections: 120.02, 120.10, 120.25, 125.25(2), 125.25(4), 125.26, 130.95(1)(a), 130.95(1)(b), 130.96, 230.33, 255.25, 240.31(3), 240.31(4), 255.25, 265.02(3), 265.02(5)(i), 265.03(2), 265.04(1), 265.04(2), 265.12(1), 265.12(2), 265.13(1), 265.13(2).

Penal Law article 125, Additional Charges, Depraved Indifference Murder and Reckless Manslaughter Explained.

OTHER CRIMES

Vehicle and Traffic Law sections: 511(1)(a), 511(2)(a)( i), 511(2)(a)(ii), 1192(4-a)
AUGUST, 2006
GENERAL CHARGES

Absent Defendant
Jury Questions
Justification of Person by Physical Force
Pro-se Defendant
Temporary Possession
Voluntary Possession
Venue; Jurisdiction of the State

PENAL LAW

Penal Law sections: 120.14(1), 120.18, 125.11, 125.21, 125.22, 220.72, 220.73, 220.74, 220.75, 220.76, 265.02(4), 265.03(2).

Defense of Claim of Right to Larceny.

OTHER CRIMES

Vehicle and Traffic Law section: 511(3)(ii).
APRIL & JUNE, 2006
PENAL LAW

Revision of Penal Law sections 120.25, 125.25(2), 125.25(4)

Revision of Penal Law article 125, Additional Charge, Murder and Reckless Manslaughter Explained.
JANUARY, 2006
GENERAL CHARGES

Corroboration of an Unsworn Witness
Corroboration of a Witness Mentally Incapable of Consent to Sex
Corroboration of a Confession
Recent, Exclusive Possession
Pre-summation Instruction

PENAL LAW
Revision of Penal Law sections 120.03 and 125.12.

Addition of Penal Law sections 220.70, 220.71, 250.45, 250.50.

OTHER CRIMES
Correction Law 168t (Sex Offense Registration Act)
JUNE, 2005
GENERAL CHARGES

Accomplice by law
Accomplice by fact
Consciousness of Guilt
Deadlocked Jury
Deliberations
Duress
Expert Re Drug Trafficking
Intoxication
Justification: Arson
Justification: Burglary
Justification: Criminal Trespass
Justification: Damage to Premises
Molineux
Witness Refusal to Answer
Witness Testimony Stricken

PENAL LAW

Revised: Murder 1 per Penal Law 125.27(1)(a)(xi)
Affirmative Defense for Penal Law 130.55
Verdict Sheet for Enterprise Corruption

VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC LAW

Leaving the Scene, as a felony
Leaving the Scene, as a misdemeanor
FEBRUARY, 2005
GENERAL CHARGES

Multiple Defendants
DECEMBER,  2004
GENERAL CHARGES

Character Evidence
Indictment Not Evidence
Deliberation + Verdict Procedures:
Jury Deliberations
Verdict Sheet
Jury Conduct: Role of Court + Jury
Motive
Statement, Admission, Confession

PENAL LAW

Additional Charge on Distinction Between Depraved Indifference Murder and Reckless Manslaughter, Penal Law article 125.

Penal Law: 240.05; 240.06; 240.08.
265.01(6); 265.08(1); 265.08(2); 265.09(1)(b).
460.20(1)(b); 460.20(1)(c)

OTHER CRIMES

Vehicle and Traffic Law 600(1) ff
AUGUST,  2004
GENERAL CHARGES

"Deliberation Procedures" charges were added to cover Exhibits-Readback-Law and the Foreperson.

Accessorial Liability charge was revised.

PENAL LAW

Criminal Impersonation in the First Degree.
Bribe Giving and Receiving for Public Office.
Enterprise Corruption.
Disseminating Indecent Material to Minors.

Charges for the following crimes were revised:
Depraved indifference murder.
Criminal Impersonation in the Second Degree charges.
Capital charges dealing with witness elimination.

OTHER CRIMES

Vehicle and Traffic Law 1192(4)(Driving under influence of drugs)
Vehicle and Traffic Law 1212 (Reckless Driving)

Charges for Vehicle and Traffic Law 1192 (1) (2) (3) were revised to account for the amendments effective July 1, 2003.

FORMER CRIMES

The Vehicle and Traffic Law 1192 charges in effect prior to July 1, 2003 were added.
MAY,  2004
GENERAL CHARGES

A charge was added for the affirmative defense of insanity.

PENAL LAW CHARGES

Charges have been added for crimes defined in the following Penal Law articles:  135, 205, 225, 265.
JANUARY,  2004
PENAL LAW CHARGES

Penal Law article 130 was revised to accord with November, 2003, amendments.

FORMER CRIMES

Charges were posted for the former Penal Law article 130 crimes and other former crimes.
DECEMBER, 2003
GENERAL CHARGES

Missing Witness charge was added.

PENAL LAW CHARGES

Penal Law article 120 charges on Stalking have been revised to reflect the decision in People v. Stuart,100 NY2d 412 (2003).

Charges have been added for crimes defined in the following Penal Law articles:  120, 165, 170, 195, 205, 215, 220, 225, 255, 265.
SEPTEMBER, 2003
PENAL LAW CHARGES

Charges have been added for crimes defined in the following Penal Law articles:  156, 180, 215, 230.

Charges have been added for crimes defined in the following Penal Law sections:

120.05(11)
140.10(b), & 140.17(2)
165.10(2), & 165.11
170.70(1)+(2)+(3)(a)+(b)
175.20, 170.25, 170.40, 170.45(1), 170.45(2)
265-03(1)+(3)
270.20(1)

Charges have also been added concerning:

Affirmative Defense to Suicide
Affirmative Defense to Sex Offenses
Corroboration of Sex Offenses