The New York Court of Admiralty, 1775-1789

On November 25, 1775, the Continental Congress recommended that the Colonies establish Courts of Admiralty to address cases relating to captures at sea, and in response to the Second New York Provincial Congress, established the High Court of Admiralty of the State of New York. Lewis Graham was appointed judge of this court and it continued in existence until its jurisdiction was preempted under the Federal Constitution in 1789. United States admiralty jurisdiction is exercised by the District Courts of the United States.